Super dirt

See on Scoop.itVeille Scientifique Agroalimentaire – Agronomie

Why is sustainable soil management so vital to our survival?

One of the greatest leaps in our mastery over the natural world as human beings came when we first began planting our own crops about 10,000 years ago. Our ability to grow our own food moved us from a species of nomadic hunter gatherers to a new system of settlement and agriculture which has given rise to division of labour, trading economies, political structures and hierarchical societies. While it’s sometimes tempting to think we may have been better off beforehand, the great part of living in the modern world is that few of us still have to actually bury our hands in the dirt to feed ourselves….

from Tumblr http://ift.tt/2kLb4jd
via IFTTT

Food Futures: Developing effective food systems interventions to improve public health nutrition – Agricultural Systems

See on Scoop.itVeille Scientifique Agroalimentaire – Agronomie

842 million people worldwide are undernourished, while simultaneously the number of overweight and obese individuals increased to 2.1 billion in 2013. There is growing opinion that addressing the global burden of diet-related disease requires a much more comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach than stand-alone public health nutrition interventions such as nutrition education or food labelling. Instead, we need to develop whole of systems interventions to address the core problem and consider the way we grow, process, distribute and commercialize our food. However, there is little evidence or guidance on how to best achieve this goal. This research aims to develop a whole of food systems approach for public health nutrition research by building on systems methods from other fields of science. Specific objectives are to: 1) identify systems methods that are applicable to public health nutrition research; 2) identify how these systems methods and public health research can best be integrated. This paper presents why and how systems methods can be used in public health nutrition research. The food system is highly complex and this complexity needs to be acknowledged to find solutions for the current nutrition challenges (obesity, under nutrition), which cannot be solved in isolation. We envision that the methods presented in this paper can form the basis for future research in this area where it can be applied to other public health nutrition research (for example other food products, in relation to specific diseases, different countries) as well as other domains of a sustainable food system not specifically focused on here e.g. economic, social and specific environmental outcomes.

from Tumblr http://ift.tt/2jJn874
via IFTTT

How CRISPR is changing the food industry

See on Scoop.itVeille Scientifique Agroalimentaire – Agronomie

CRISPR is one of the fastest, most precise and impactful methods for genetic engineering the world has ever seen. Monsanto recently acquired the first commercial license of the CRISPR-Cas9 technology from the Broad Institute, making it the first license of the technology for agricultural use. DuPont has been working with Caribou Biosciences for more than a year and is already growing CRISPR-edited corn and wheat plants in field trials. Scientists have been using CRISPR on plants and animals to include mushrooms that don’t brown as quickly in the refrigerator, drought-tolerant corn and virus-resistant pigs.

from Tumblr http://ift.tt/2kKjV4E
via IFTTT

The Vertical Farm

See on Scoop.itVeille Scientifique Agroalimentaire – Agronomie

No. 212 Rome Street, in Newark, New Jersey, used to be the address of Grammer, Dempsey & Hudson, a steel-supply company. It was like a lumberyard for steel, which it bought in bulk from distant mills and distributed in smaller amounts, mostly to customers within a hundred-mile radius of Newark. It sold off its assets in 2008 and later shut down. In 2015, a new indoor-agriculture company called AeroFarms leased the property. It had the rusting corrugated-steel exterior torn down and a new building erected on the old frame. Then it filled nearly seventy thousand square feet of floor space with what is called a vertical farm. The building’s ceiling allowed for grow tables to be stacked twelve layers tall, to a height of thirty-six feet, in rows eighty feet long. The vertical farm grows kale, bok choi, watercress, arugula, red-leaf lettuce, mizuna, and other baby salad greens.

from Tumblr http://ift.tt/2jJ1jo1
via IFTTT

Data shows most American farms are still family farms | Food Safety News

See on Scoop.itVeille Scientifique Agroalimentaire – Agronomie

After all these years, agriculture in America remains overwhelmingly dominated by family farms. A new report by USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) shows not only just how dependent America is on family farms, but also how many are independent of government. “Seventy-two percent of all farms received no farm-related government payments in 2015,” according to the report written by USDA’s Robert A. Hoppe and James M. MacDonald. That figure stands in contrast to the many months and even years that every Congress spends on the big “Farm Bill.”

from Tumblr http://ift.tt/2kKtFvZ
via IFTTT

Actes et vidéos des premières rencontres de l’alimentation durable à Paris en nov 2016

See on Scoop.itVeille Scientifique Agroalimentaire – Agronomie

Les 1ères Rencontres de l’Alimentation Durable ont réuni plus de 500 acteurs engagés dans la transition des systèmes alimentaires. Nous vous proposons de découvrir les actes de la journée, au cours de laquelle se sont exprimées des visions progressistes sur la manière de construire dès aujourd’hui l’alimentation durable. Démocratie alimentaire, économie de la biosphère, agro-écologie, groupements d’achat, co-construction, systèmes territoriaux, économie circulaire, gouvernance citoyenne, transparence et information des consommateurs, ESS… La transition alimentaire est un mouvement multi-acteur qui révolutionne déjà nos sociétés.Actes en pdf : http://ift.tt/2kcU9cA et vidéos par le lien.

from Tumblr http://ift.tt/2jHtQYC
via IFTTT

Des plantes plus fortes face au stress

See on Scoop.itVeille Scientifique Agroalimentaire – Agronomie

“Depuis 2015, Julien Lang est chercheur au sein de l’Institut des sciences des plantes de Paris-Saclay à Gif-sur-Yvette. Il étudie les moyens d’améliorer la résistance des plantes aux agressions.”

Par Emmanuelle Manck. INRA, 18.03.2016

“Julien Lang s’intéresse en particulier aux interactions plantes/bactéries et aux processus d’adaptation des organismes vivants aux contraintes de leur environnement. Actuellement, il étudie des protéines végétales appelées MAPKs (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase). Les MAPKs jouent un rôle important dans la transmission et l’intégration de signaux de stress, qu’ils soient causés par des germes ou des insectes, par la sécheresse ou la salinité du sol." 

from Tumblr http://ift.tt/2jbK7ZV
via IFTTT

Inscrivez-vous à la Journée nationale de l’agroforesterie 2017 | Alim’agri

See on Scoop.itVeille Scientifique Agroalimentaire – Agronomie

La journée nationale de l’agroforesterie 2017 se tiendra le mercredi 1er février prochain à Paris. 

Organisée par le ministère en charge de l’Agriculture et le Réseau Mixte Technologique Agroforesterie, cette journée réunira de nombreux chercheurs, conseillers, formateurs, étudiants, agriculteurs, élus et opérateurs de terrain. 

Elle aura pour principal objectif de présenter l’état des connaissances, les travaux de recherche et les expériences de développement en agroforesterie. Les intervenants reviendront d’abord sur l’agroforesterie d’aujourd’hui, l’état de la recherche, avant de faire un point sur les différents réseaux qui l’animent. 

La question de son développement dans les territoires sera ensuite soulevée, tout comme celle de la réglementation. Pour conclure ce sont les actions du plan agroforesterie et leur mise en œuvre qui seront présentées, plan lancé par le ministre Stéphane Le Foll en décembre 2015. 

 Cette nouvelle édition a lieu après l’événement « Faites de l’agro-écologie » du 15 décembre dernier, pendant lequel l’agroforesterie a tenu une place de choix. 

Son développement constitue un plan à part entière du projet agro-écologique français au regard de ses bénéfices économiques, agronomiques et environnementaux.

lien direct : http://ift.tt/2jEhlOh

from Tumblr http://ift.tt/2jOpylN
via IFTTT

Meet Toshio Tanahashi, the veg whisperer who’ll bring peace to your kitchen and leave you feeling healthier than ever

See on Scoop.itVeille Scientifique Agroalimentaire – Agronomie

When I visit any country, the first thing I do is go to market to say hello to the vegetables,’ says Japanese chef Toshio Tanahashi. He’s not joking. ‘It’s very important. 

More important than meeting people.’ Tanahashi practises shojin ryori, the Japanese name for a form of Buddhist cuisine that adds a spiritual dimension to cooking. 

 He has almost cult status in Japan as one of its few masters, is revered globally for his approach by chefs such as Alain Ducasse, and is seriously devoted to vegetables.

from Tumblr http://ift.tt/2iJtO6t
via IFTTT

5 fruits et légumes par jour : slogan ou science ?

See on Scoop.itVeille Scientifique Agroalimentaire – Agronomie

Lors de l’édition 2017 des Journées européennes de la Société française de cardiologie, le Dr François Paillard, cardiologue, a présenté une synthèse des études concernant l’impact de la consommation de viande et de légumes sur la santé cardiovasculaire.

from Tumblr http://ift.tt/2jH125Y
via IFTTT