Les mathématiques au service du bétail. 2013/04/29 > BE Israël 85 >

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Inventions Les mathématiques au service du bétail http://www.bulletins-electroniques.com/actualites/72918.htm Lorsqu’un troupeau comporte plusieurs milliers de tètes, il n’est pas toujours facile de pouvoir suivre médicalement chaque bête afin de déceler des maladies qui peuvent non seulement causer la mort de l’animal, mais aussi contaminer ses pairs.
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Publicités

The Extraordinary Science of Addictive Junk Food

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Inside the hyperengineered, savagely marketed, addiction-creating battle for American « stomach share. »

 

[Adapted from “Salt Sugar Fat: How the Food Giants Hooked Us,” by Michael Moss, an investigative reporter for The Times.]

 

The public and the food companies have known for decades now that sugary, salty, fatty foods are not good for us in the quantities that we consume them. So why are the diabetes and obesity and hypertension numbers still spiraling out of control? It’s not just a matter of poor willpower on the part of the consumer and a give-the-people-what-they-want attitude on the part of the food manufacturers. What I found, over four years of research and reporting, was a conscious effort — taking place in labs and marketing meetings and grocery-store aisles — to get people hooked on foods that are convenient and inexpensive.

 

I talked to more than 300 people in or formerly employed by the processed-food industry, from scientists to marketers to C.E.O.’s. Some were willing whistle-blowers, while others spoke reluctantly when presented with some of the thousands of pages of secret memos that I obtained from inside the food industry’s operations.

 

What follows is a series of small case studies of a handful of characters whose work then, and perspective now, sheds light on how the foods are created and sold to people who, while not powerless, are extremely vulnerable to the intensity of these companies’ industrial formulations and selling campaigns.

See on www.nytimes.com

Food, Cognition and Behaviour

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The Food, Cognition and Behaviour funding instrument is intended for research into interactions between nutrition and humans: about healthy choices and healthy eating behaviour, and about the effects of nutrition on cognitive health.

Purpose

Research into the interaction between nutrition and humans meets a need for such knowledge from industry and society. It also fits within the theme health of the Top Sector Agri & Food. NWO is therefore encouraging fundamental and precompetitive research in this area.

In close consultation with industrial parties and scientific partners two themes have been formulated for this funding round:

 

See on www.nwo.nl

EFSA – Scientific Report of EFSA: 2010 EU Report on Pesticide Residues

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This report presents the results of the control of pesticide residues in food commodities sampled during the calendar year 2010 in the 27 EU Member States and two EFTA countries (Iceland and Norway). The report also comprises the outcome of the consumer risk assessment of pesticide residues. EFSA presents for the first time the results of a pilot cumulative risk assessment (CRA) to multiple chemical residues. Finally, the report provides some recommendations aimed at the improvement of the future monitoring programmes and the enforcement of the European pesticide residue legislation. In total, more than 77,000 samples of approximately 500 different types of food (raw or processed) were analysed for pesticide residues by national competent authorities. Considering the results concerning both the national and the EU-coordinated programmes, the total number of analytical determinations reported among all the countries amounted to more than 14 million. The results of the EU-coordinated programme for 2010 showed that 1.6% of total samples analysed exceeded the European legal limits (MRLs). EFSA concluded that the long-term exposure of consumers did not raise health concerns. In assessing the short-term exposure, the pesticide monitoring results revealed that a risk could not be excluded for 79 samples concerning 30 different pesticides if the pertinent food was consumed in high amounts. The results of the CRA are considered indicative as the work on establishing which groups of pesticides are expected to share the same toxicological effects is not yet complete and the final methodological approach needs to be further elaborated. The outcome of the pilot CRA demonstrated that the exposure calculations are affected by significant uncertainties, mainly related to the analytical results reported as “non-detected”. The methodology used in this pilot exercise will be further revised to reduce the uncertainties of the exposure assessment.

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Aboutissement de la recherche pour de nouvelles variétés de citrons sans pépins

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La Station Agricole de Recherche Expérimentale d’Alata, dans le Sud de la Turquie, près de Mersin, a conclu avec succès sa recherche variétale de citron sans pépins, commencée il y a 7-8 ans.

 

http://www.fructidor.fr/newsdetail.aspx?idn=20070

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Synthèse Rapport Planète Vivante

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Le WWF présente aujourd’hui son nouveau Rapport Planète Vivante. Le rapport indique que la pression croissante que l’Humanité exerce sur les ressources naturelles menace sérieusement la santé de notre planète. Il explique en particulier le phénomène d’accaparement des terres via lequel les pays industrialisés se procurent des terres arables dans les pays pauvres, au détriment de ces derniers. Dans ce rapport, le WWF souligne que le modèle « business as usual » n’est plus possible mais que des solutions existent

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INRA – Diversification des cultures

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Les résultats de l’étude « Freins et leviers à la diversification des systèmes de culture » menée par l’Inra à la demandes des ministères en charge de l’Agriculture et de l’Écologie ont été présentés le 18 janvier 2013. Cette étude a été menée au niveau des exploitations agricoles et des filières.

See on institut.inra.fr

Blé: l’ère de la génétique

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Le blé, première source de protéine agricole, commence à livrer son génome. La semaine dernière, la revue Nature a publié deux articles d’équipes chinoises révélant les brouillons des génomes de Triticum urartu et Aegilops tauschii, descendants des ancêtres des blés actuels (1).

Un consortium mondial s’attaque depuis huit ans au décryptage du génome des blés cultivés.Catherine Feuillet, l’une de ses six coprésidentes, directrice de recherches à l’Institut national de recherches agronomique (Inra) à Clermont-Ferrand, fait le point sur ces travaux et leurs enjeux.

 
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L’hydrogène natif, une nouvelle source d’énergie ?

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Lorsqu’ils sont partis, fin octobre 2010, vérifier les dires de leurs collègues russes, Alain Prinz­hofer et Eric Deville n’y croyaient pas. L’équipe de Nikolay Larin avait contacté la direction de l’Institut français du pétrole-énergies nouvelles (IFP-EN) – où les deux chercheurs travaillaient sur un ­sujet controversé : la Terre serait-elle une source d’hydrogène, ce gaz qui, combiné avec l’oxygène, fait tourner des moteurs de fusée en produisant de l’eau.

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